Module 5: Understanding and managing
   behaviour Changes following an TBI

5.0 Aim, rational and key concepts


This module explores the behavioural changes that occur following a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and offers a framework for effective behaviour management.


A TBI often results in a multitude of changes that affect behaviour. If these changes are not understood or managed appropriately, there is an increased risk that long-term psychosocial, emotional and behavioural problems may emerge.

To manage behaviour effectively, staff need to understand the behaviour changes typically confronting the person with a TBI and the effect of these behaviours on their family and carers.


At the end of this module, you should be able to:

5.1 list the main changes following TBI

5.2 recall a number of strategies used for managing common cognitive changes

5.3 outline the main steps involved in analysing problem behaviours

5.4 understand common behaviour management techniques

5.5 understand anger including:

  • identify early warning signals that an individual is becoming irritated/angry
  • recognise potential triggers in an individual with a TBI
  • explain how -( the carer’s/family’s ) own behaviour can exacerbate a difficult situation
  • understand the concept of ‘anger as a secondary feeling’

5.6 Understand how to manage an escalating situation

Module 5 Compiled by:

Cheree Martin Clinical Psychologist Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit Liverpool Hospital, Sydney

Updated by: Anne Pfaff, Senior Psychologist, Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney