Module 2: Communication

2.0 Aim, rational and outcomes


It is recommended that you:

  1. Take the Pre-test.(The Pre-Test includes 12 multiple choice questions. It is quick to do. Your answers will be emailed to you).

  2. Complete the module – working through the material, task boxes, videos, and animated graphics.
    There are self-test questions you can do to check your progress (indicated by “Q”) 

  3. Take the Post-test.

Your answers to the pre and post test will be emailed to you to compare answers.
This Module can be fully completed in approximately 2 hours.


This module provides information about communication problems that may occur following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), as well as strategies for dealing with some of these deficits.


Communication is a complex process, often negatively affected following a brain injury. The ability to communicate effectively is highly valued, which means problems with communication can seriously limit a person’s life. Sometimes a worker or carer may treat a person with a communication difficulty inappropriately (e.g. by treating them as having an intellectual impairment), if they have limited understanding of how communication can be affected following brain injury. It is important therefore, for carers and workers to have a basic understanding of communication and its impacts, as well as be equipped with some strategies to facilitate better communication.


At the end of this module, you should be able to:

2.1 explain different forms of communication and why we communicate

2.2 reflect on your experience of communication difficulties

2.3 identify three primary sources of communication difficulties

2.4 identify communication problems that result from damage to the
      communication areas of the brain

2.5 identify communication/cognitive problems that result from a TBI

2.6 recognise social communication deficits that may result from frontal lobe damage

2.7 identify possible strategies for dealing with communication problems resulting from TBI

Module 2 compiled by:

Compiled by past and current BIRU Speech Pathologists including Leisa Elliott, Joanne Reid, Gillian Giles, Kathryn Gorman, Nicholas Behn, Sarah Cotter, Tia Croft, Nicole Simon and Manal Nasreddine Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit Liverpool Hospital, Sydney

Reviewed/updated October 2012
By student Speech Pathologists from
The University of Sydney:
Deborah Fargher, Iris Hor and Vivian Kan