Aim, rational, key strategies and concepts and outcomes
This module provides information on how a traumatic brain
injury (TBI) can cause changes in a person’s cognitive functioning and offers strategies that can
help to compensate for their difficulties.
A TBI can cause
subtle or dramatic changes to a person’s cognitive
functioning. This in turn affects their ability to manage
day-to-day tasks independently. Some people make a complete physical recovery
and the only permanent disability they are left with is cognitive changes.
changes can affect the person's ability to perform activities as
well as their personality and
behaviour. It is therefore important for those working with people
with a TBI, to be aware of the cognitive consequences
that can occur and what this could mean to the person
and their carers.
can be extremely challenging working with a person who has severe
cognitive impairments. Another issue for workers may
be that the person appears to be in good physical shape, and yet is
unable to do even simple tasks without assistance. Awareness of
these changes and appropriate compensatory strategies helps workers to interact more effectively
with a person with a TBI.
At the end of this
module, you should be able to:
define neuropsychology and the role of the neuropsychologist
recognise normal difficulties that may occur with memory, attention
identify some of the common cognitive changes resulting from a
traumatic brain injury
list possible strategies to compensate for cognitive changes
4.5 identify how
the behaviour of a person with impaired cognitive functions might
misunderstood or misinterpreted by other people.
Module 4 compiled
Revised by Rebecca Bowen
Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit
Liverpool Hospital, Sydney