Aim, rational and outcomes
This module provides an overview of the nature of traumatic brain
injury (TBI) and the impact it can have on a person’s
life as well as on the lives of their family. This includes looking
at their whole situation, including their community and available
services. By exploring this information, the module assists
workers to enable individuals with a TBI to achieve and maintain their
maximum potential within their family and community.
People who have a disability arising from a TBI are often confronted
with distinctly different challenges than people with similar
impairments arising from other causes. In large part, this is due to
the nature of the injury itself. In order to work effectively
with people with a TBI, it is essential to have a broad understanding
of the physical processes of injury and recovery, the possible impact
on brain functions, and the outcomes that may result – for
the individual, the family and society as a whole.
information is one problem; another is that people frequently have
misinformation about head injury. This is partly due to media
images that create misconceptions about the long-term effects
of a head injury. In addition, recent research challenges former assumptions
about recovery. Therefore, it is important to correct, wherever
possible, these sorts of misconceptions in order to effectively meet the needs of people with a TBI.
At the end of this
module, you should be able to:
Define ‘traumatic brain injury’.
Identify the epidemiology of this disability (eg. sex ratio, age
Describe the basic anatomy of the skull and brain.
1.4 Recognise how
trauma impacts on the structures of the brain.
the process of recovery.
Define stages of rehabilitation.
Give examples of four broad categories of long-term impairments often
seen after a traumatic brain injury, recognising the
links between site and type of injury with possible resulting impairments of brain function.
Define common outcomes for a person with a TBI and their family.
Identify the types of services (nationally and locally) available
to people with a TBI and their families.
1 Compiled by:
Research Officer and Senior Social Worker
Residential Services Manager
Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit
Liverpool Hospital, Sydney